Pottery Marks Explained

Whether its English pottery marks or German porcelain marks, Japanese vintage backstamps or Chinese seal marks, the abundance of unknown branding logos sometimes can seem like a frighteningly huge subject to tackle. 

But never fear, your friendly online guide is here to help you through this maze of china marks! On this page there is a quick (OK, fairly quick) run-through of the basics of mark identification (it tells you how to look for clues to how these sometimes mad hieroglyphics work).

If you have a search around our China Chat posts, you will see we specialise in helping people in identifying their mystery marks.


Marks You Are Most Likely To Have

Pottery mark encyclopedias show countless thousands of marks, but the vast majority of which we are unlikely to ever see in our homes, so we are not so much interested in those. 

We are not an encyclopedia website in that sense, just a guide to what you are most likely to have in your home.

We just enjoy solving the mysteries as posted by our visitors. 


Sleuthing is where the fun lies. 

Together we have uncovered the origin of marks shown nowhere else online.


Some of the mystery marks we have been confronted with


Our China Chat discussions are a place where we get the opportunity to contribute together.  The more of us get involved, the knowledge base gradually expands.  7 years and counting...

We have invented the 'social media' space for identifying pottery marks. You (the site visitors) invented this system, not me. I just went along with it and facilitated somewhere for us to store our knowledge!

Thank you all.

How It Works

The China Chat discussions are an easily searchable online record of mystery pottery marks and I want it to be the biggest and best online..... with your help.

Describe your mark (for example "bow & arrow semi-porcelain" without the quotes) - to search throughout this site by using the above search box. If at first you don't succeed - use several different combinations of words


These pottery mark forum discussions are an ever growing resource for all to benefit from.

GO HERE... If you want to post your own contribution to the rich variety of our China Chat space

General Advice About Pottery Marks

Ok, let's start thinking about this logically.  In terms of where your  mystery marks come from, the number one suspects for mystery marks are likely to be England and Germany - due to sheer volume of production from those countries over many generations. 

German marks are perhaps the most difficult to track down and form the biggest section of mark identifications ...more

pottery mark origins


France, of course was a big player too, but we have many less queries about French china makers marks   ....see exactly why here







The Clues Are Always There If You Know Where To Look

BUT! many of them are subtle, so you have to tune in......

For example, post-war Japanese export china often uses Western looking marks.   On close inspection though the production often has giveaway clues of origin.  More on Japanese and Chinese wares here....

"The very pottery marks on the bottom of a piece of rare crockery are able to throw me into a gibbering ecstasy" - Mark Twain

Continue reading below.... (↓)


Trade Marks, Ltd and RN

The trade-marks act came in 1862 so if you see the words 'Trade Mark'  (see above photo) think late Victorian.

Similarly, the word 'Limited', or 'Ltd' was not used until the 1860's or thereafter.

....Whereas, the letter 'R N' (which stand for 'Registered Number' - see above photo) was later and didn't start until the 1880's.

You see, so knowing your pottery marks is all about putting feelers out to pick up the subtle clues.



But What About Value?

Now, we had to separate out the 'valuation' aspects from the identification forums because they started to get messy and go off topic. Identification is one thing, valuations are quite another. Appraisals need an expert impartial eye with no question of a vested interest creeping in.


So for valuation requests (and that covers a lot of people) we had to invent a quicker (paid for) service - the best online (I would say that because I run it - but it's true).

But Is My Stuff Worth Valuing?

For those not sure whether their items are worth the appraisal fee, I wrote a couple of different pages suggesting how you might do a bit of research on the value yourself first. You might have some fun with my free 'ready-reckoner price calculator'. I designed it in order to give you an idea of where your item might fit into a price range.

I also wrote a page giving a run-down of how you might use ebay and other resources to gauge the value of your stuff.

Also, at some point, you may want to go and have a quick look at this page:- Discovering the Value of Antiques which mentions good places both online and offline I often use to research items.


Valuation Self-Help! (help's at hand)

In reality, there are two jobs to do if you seriously need to put a value to your china set, both of which this website will help you with:

The first is to identify the specific pottery mark and once that is done, the second job is to get an idea of the value.


Use my China Manufacturers A to Z guide here on this site should give you the key information you need about most notable makers.  If not in this guide, there will probably information about them somewhere within the China Chat posts (just use the site search facility).

Want to go to the pottery mark China Chat?....

This special search box searches all the posts in a jiffy.....

Describe your mark (for example "bow & arrow semi-porcelain" without the quotes) - to search throughout this site by using the above search box. If at first you don't succeed - use several different combinations of words

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